Located about 50 kilometers from Hanoi, Duong Lam Ancient Village is a famous tourist destination that tourists should not miss when traveling there. This is the first ancient village in Vietnam awarded the National Monument Cultural Heritage in 2006. With architectural and art architecture of an ancient village in the Red River delta, it can be said that the Duong Lam ancient village is just after the ancient town of Hoi An and Hanoi old town in terms of scale as well as artistic value.
Overview of Duong Lam Ancient Village
The ancient village has a history of about 1,200 years with many houses dating back up to 400 years. One special thing about the village is that most of the buildings here are made of laterite and mud, two materials that are abundant in the area. Laterite is used on house walls, gates, wells, temple walls, and so forth. The mud is taken from ponds. Apart from its historical and tourism values, Duong Lam village is an important place for scientists to study resident communities in ancient agriculture. The village gate, banyan, well, communal house are important factors in classifying Duong Lam ancient village.
A communal house is a worshipping place of the god – founder of the village. The ancient village consists of 5 villages so it has 5 communal houses. Doai Giap and Cam Lam communal houses dedicate to Phung Hung – the national hero who won the victory against invaders under Duong Dynasty; Cam Thinh communal house dedicates both the founder of the village and great mandarin Cao Phuc Dien – the hero under Le Dynasty. Dong Sang communal house worships the God but it was destroyed by fire and was restored by financial support from people. The god Tan Vien Son was dedicated in Mong Phu communal house. So far, Mong Phu communal house is a gathering place of the villagers for cultural activities. The communal house was made carefully with sophisticated decoration details. It is considered as a flower of unique sculptural architecture.
In recent years, many relics in Duong Lam villages such as Mia Pagoda, Phung Hung Temple, Ngo Quyen Temple, and Mong Phu communal house have been restored. However, it is important to preserve not only the tangible cultural relics but also intangible cultural relics and ecological environment and they should be carried out synchronously.
Highlights in Duong Lam Ancient Village
Mong Phu Village Gate
This is the only village gate left in Duong Lam. The gate was built in the Hau Le dynasty with a different architecture from other traditional village gates, like a two-sloping roof with a penthouse and rooftop. The Mong Phu Gate with banyan tree, water landing, lotus pond, creates a unique landscape of the ancient North Vietnamese village.
Mong Phu Village Hall
Mong Phu village hall was built nearly 380 years ago on a central land of the village covering an area of 1800 square meters. The design of the hall is bold Vietnamese – Muong architecture, simulating the architecture of stilt house. The communal house consists of two chapels and a harem. The main hall was built by 48 wooden columns, above each column, there are dragon pattern and phoenix shapes engraved. Inside the hall, there are a lot of non-parallel sentences.
Giang Van Minh temple
It was built from the reign of Emperor Tu Duc to worship and remember the merit of the Detective Giang Van Minh. The church faces south, architecture in the shape of “the” word. Today, the church has become a fascinating place for visitors to learn about history and culture, as well as a place for educating the patriotic traditions of the young.
Festivals in Duong Lam Ancient Village
The festival of Duong Lam village festival takes place annually in lunar January. Mong Phu traditional festival takes place from the 4th to the 10th, which is considered the holiest one of the year. The village’s worship ceremony is held at the oldest communal house with activities such as the procession, offering pigs, offering chickens, etc. Then people in the village will participate in folk games such as chess, chicken fighting, blindfolded duck which creates a festive and exciting atmosphere.
Six days later, the festival of Dong Sang village is organized, wishing for national security and good harvest, with many attractive activities such as lion dance, water procession, and sacrifice. The procession starts from the village to the Red River with dragon, unicorn, horse, flag, … lasted for nearly a day. Coming to Duong Lam during this time, you will enjoy the festive atmosphere and the special food that only have on the festival.
With the impressive attractions, Duong Lam ancient village is a definitely perfect choice for you a day tour in Hanoi. For more information about traveling in Hanoi, you can visit our website. Have a nice trip!